Hepatitis ABC

Hepatitis

The term Hepatitis is derived from the ancient Greek word for liver [‘Hπαρ or hepar] and the Latin suffix -itis which indicates a medical condition associated with inflammation. Viral hepatitis, including hepatitis A, B & C are distinct diseases that affect the liver and have different symptoms and treatments. Effective vaccines are available to prevent Hepatitis A and B but not C. Hepatitis infections can range from mild to life threatening.

Hepatitis can be transmitted through:

    the consumption of contaminated water or food
    unprotected sexual contact
    exposure to a carrier’s bodily fluids.

Hepatitis testing

Blood tests are used for detecting the presence of Hepatitis A, B and C. The analyses look for specific antibodies and antigens in the bloodstream which are indicators of infection. Left untreated all types of Hepatitis can be detrimental to your health with Hepatitis C even causing liver failure and death. Risk of being infected by a form of Hepatitis increase when any of the following are true:

    You travel to areas with high infection rates such as most of Africa, Central and Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe.
    You use illicit intravenous drugs.
    You get a tattoo or piercing in an unclean environment with equipment that has not been sterilized properly.
    You are HIV positive.
    You have unprotected sex with an infected person.

Sample requirement

A blood sample is required to perform the necessary tests for Hepatitis. It is a simple process with only a momentary slight pain from the needle stick.

Method of test used

At Olympia Pavlidou Laboratory we test the sample blood for:

    IgM anti-HAV and IgG anti-HAV antibodies in the case of Hepatitis A
    HBsAG antigen and anti-HBc, IgM and IgG for Hepatitis B
    HCV antibody for Hepatitis C. The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test is also used in some cases.

Test results

All diagnostic tests are performed in our Clinical Laboratory in Limassol. Results are usually available within XXX. As with all other tests results are confidential.

Test results parameters

Positive or Negative

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